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In The Classroom - Self-help Skills

Lesson Plan for Teachers

OVERVIEW:

This small group activity encourages motor development and independence. Each student will have the opportunity to practice self-help skills such as buttoning, zipping, buckling, lacing and tying, using manipulatives you can easily create yourself.

  • STATE GOALS: 19, 20, 21, 23
  • LEARNING OUTCOME STANDARDS: M, N, Q
  • CAP BENCHMARKS:
  • LANGUAGE ARTS: Speaking & Communicating –c,e
  • SOCIAL & EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT: Self-concept, Self-Control –a,b,c
  • PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT: Fine Motor –b
  • HEAD START DOMAINS:
  • LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT: Speaking & Communicating
  • SOCIAL & EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT: Self-Concept
  • APPROACHES TO LEARNING: Initiative & Curiosity, Reasoning & Problem-Solving

LESSON OBJECTIVES:

Students will:

  • develop self-help skills that will allow them to do things for themselves
  • refine these skills through practice to be used later for writing.

MATERIALS:

  • Self-help manipulatives can be bought from early childhood catalogs or made using pieces of old clothing with different fasteners; zipper, snaps, buttons, buckle, laces, Velcro. Staple or glue the part of the clothing that includes the fastener to a heavy piece of cardboard, so that students can easily manipulate it.

LESSON DESCRIPTION:

* Spend some time talking with your children about different feelings we all have before starting this activity.

  1. Have students seated at the table with you encouraging and facilitating the fastening and unfastening of self-help manipulatives. Solicit comments on the mastery of each skill.
  2. Encourage the students to use descriptive, action words to describe what they are doing while they are doing it. (Zipping up, pushing a button through, pulling the Velcro back to make the ripping sound, poking a lace through a hole pnching snaps together, tying a knot or making a bow.)
  3. Give praise for their efforts.
  4. Reinforce these skills throughout the day, as students put on and take off coats to get ready to go outdoors, or take off and put on shoes at naptime.

Teacher-to-Teacher Tip:

Be sensitive to the fact that some children are not afforded the opportuniy tobuild these commonself-help skills. When parents are in a hurry, impatience or a lacking awareness of the part maturity plays in the ability to perform these tasks can inhibit the development of these skills. Make sure to talk with your parents about the importance of encouraging self-help in their children.

Teacher Discussion Board for Lesson 5

How did it go? Add and review ideas, comments, variations and feedback for this lesson.